Are you really proud of your extremely talented workforce? But, how much sure are you that your all of your employees are motivated and dedicated to fulfill your organizational goals? Proficient employees are not always self-motivated. The right blend of expertise and motivation in the employees makes sure that a company’s objectives are accomplished successfully. Encouragement gives rise to enthusiasm and willingness to perform efficiently and face challenges with confidence. Also, motivated people spread positive vibes and help to create a congenial work environment where everyone enjoy their work and put in their best efforts. So, as a leader, you have the big responsibility to motivate your staff and arouse excitement in them to pull out their tasks with utmost competency. In this article, we will discuss about the different types of motivation that leaders use to encourage their employees.
Different Types of Motivation
Many theorists have deduced that motivation is of two types – intrinsic and extrinsic, and the different types of motivation like, achievement motivation, power motivation, competence motivation, fear motivation, incentive motivation and so on fall under intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. This article will make you familiar with all types of motivation.
Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Motivation
# Intrinsic motivation
In simplest terms, intrinsic motivation is the stimulus which nurtures within an individual. An employee is enthusiastic and focused to accomplish an objective as he or she is driven by an acute level of confidence and full faith in a positive outcome. Intrinsic motivational stimulus can be any of the following factors or all.
* Flexibility - It is all about the craving for freedom and uniqueness to stand out of the crowd.
* Acceptance - It is important to see and ensure that our ideas and decisions regarding work are well-accepted by our team members.
* Authority - It is human nature to crave for influence and authority and this craving is a great motivational stimulus.
* Respect - Give respect and earn respect - people who live by this principle savor success in both professional and personal lives.
* Discipline - Leading a disciplined life always pays. It develops the ability to keep sharp focus on goals.
* Thirst for knowledge - Quest for knowledge leads to the path of success.
* Social standing - The urge for gaining fame and recognition in social circles encourages one to vie for the numero uno position.
# Extrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation can be defined as the stimulus that is influenced by various external factors or an external source. An employee feels a willingness to perform efficiently towards achievement of company goals because wonderful awards await him or her post target attainment. A handsome salary at the end of every month is
the biggest extrinsic motivational stimuli. Some more external factors other than money influencing motivation of an individual include the following.
* Job benefits, such as paid holidays, health insurance, etc.
* Perks and incentives for working over-time to ensure the success of a particular project
* Employee of the month or year award that boosts confidence by acknowledging talent and hard work
7 Different Types of Motivation
1. Achievement motivation – Achievement motivation is the keenness to attain goals for progressing fast to the peak of success. The contentment that comes after the achievement of goals matters the most for an individual than the rewards and perks from the company for the successful goal accomplishment.
2. Power motivation – Power motivation is the fervor to build an influential image. Professionals with power motivation possess the fortitude to take up challenges. They like to generate an impact and change the existing scenario and for that, they are ready to take any risk.
3. Competence motivation – Competence motivation is the passion to be pitch-perfect in any job. Individuals with this type of stimulus are mostly perfectionists. They are willing to learn and do not feel nervous when they encounter any hindrance. They are creative people and tend to be the masters in their individual fields.
4. Affiliation motivation – Affiliation-motivated professionals demonstrate better performance when their efforts are appreciated with complimentary remarks. Favorable comments rather than money serve as an encouragement for such individuals to perform more efficiently.
5. Incentive motivation – Just the contrary to affiliation motivation, incentive motivation is the spur to exhibit an excellent performance for earning rewards. Handsome compensation package, occasional perks and incentives and regular salary hikes work as a great stimulus for incentive-motivated professionals.
6. Attitude motivation – Individuals having attitude motivation are driven by their self-belief and self-reliance. They are confident souls. They act after taking into consideration the past as well as the future happenings.
7. Fear motivation – Fear motivation pushes an individual to perform unwillingly. Fear motivated professionals are always driven by the apprehension of receiving negative comments and getting fired in the event of any under-performance or the inability to meet company goals. It is being considered that of all types of motivation, fear motivation helps in getting a job done very fast. But, it also has high chances of affecting productivity and performance.
The aforementioned seven types of motivation can be classified under intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
Achievement motivation, competence motivation, power motivation and attitude motivation falls under intrinsic motivation. On the other hand, incentive motivation, affiliation motivation and fear motivation are to be categorized under extrinsic motivation.
To Sum Up
Motivation is important to achieve success. Without a stimulus, an individual will not be able to focus and make the best efforts to achieve his or her aspirations. As a leader, you want organizational success and without a motivated, enthusiastic and positive-minded workforce, you will not be able to attain this success. You need to take proper initiatives to encourage your employees so that you can derive full commitment from them and be all smiles with a successful turnover.