The self-determination theory or SDT theory is a macro theory, concerned with human motivation and personality, and deals with the inherent growth tendency of people and their innate psychological needs. The whole theory revolves around the motivation and driving forces behind people’s choices, made without the influences of external forces. It mainly focuses upon degree to which an individual is self-motivated and is determined to pursue an activity.
The theory is centered on the belief that human beings have positive features persistently which propels them apply constant effort towards the achievement of goals. Three innate needs must be satisfied as per the theory for complete growth and they are competence, relatedness, and autonomy.
People can be proactive and captivated or, on the other hand, inactive and distanced, as per the capacity of the social conditions around them. As needs be, research guided independent from anyone else determination hypothesis has concentrated on the social–contextual conditions that encourage versus thwart the regular methods of motivation toward oneself and solid mental improvement. In particular, the variables have been analyzed for determining the regulation toward oneself, natural inspiration, and success.
Autonomy, Ability and Relatedness – Three Innate Mental Needs
The discoveries have prompted the purpose of three natural mental needs—ability, autonomy and relatedness—which when fulfilled yield upgraded persuasion toward oneself and psychological well-being and when impeded lead to reduced inspiration.